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Psak 5767 Tevet 6c

This statement is part of a series of twenty requests for piskei din (legal rulings) that have been submitted to the Beis Din by those who follow its rulings. While full piskei din (legal rulings) are in preparation, a brief summary is presented. The summary below is not meant to be used as a source for deriving any practical consequences. It will be replaced at a later date with a formal ruling.'

On the 6 Tevet, 5767 (27 December, 2006), the Beis Din for Bnei Noah was asked:

Jerusalem Court for Issues of Bnei Noah
Tel: 02-5661962, cell 050-6733831, fax: 057-7976007
Email: 47 Rachel Imeinu St. Jerusalem 93228

What are the Seven Laws?

Q. What are the Seven Laws?
What exactly are the Torah sources for the seven laws? In what manner are non-Jews obligated by these verses in the Torah? (Oral tradition? Rabbinic teaching? Reading the Torah directly? etc)

Answer. The "Seven" laws, as has been well documented, do not cover all the requirements, as the Talmud explains after briniging the source which lists the seven. There the Talmud explains that the list does not contain the positive requirements. The source is Oral Tradition. As in many other cases, there is some disagreement about exactly which are the negative precepts which apply to Bnei Noah.

The summary of the Rambam is: Prohibition of: Idolatry, Blasphemy, Murder, Certain prohibition on Sexual Intercourse, Theft, and Social Order supported by Rule of Law (in Kings 10,11 the Rambam says that "Bet Din of Israel should judge the Naohides or appoint Noahide Judges), and Ever Min HaHai: eating flesh which was cut from a live animal. [Kings, 9,1] In addition the Rambam lists the prohibition of Kilayim [Kings, 10,6]

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